Privy Council from the United Kingdom

Her Majesty' s Most Honourable Privy Council , usually known simply as the Privy Council , is a formal body of advisers to the Sovereign with the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises senior politicians, who are present or former members of the House of Commons and also the House of Lords. The Privy Council formally advises the sovereign on the exercise of the Royal Prerogative, and corporately (as Queen-in-Council) it issues executive instruments referred to as Orders in Council, which among other powers enact Acts of Parliament. The Council also holds the delegated authority to issue Orders of Council, mainly used to regulate certain public institutions. The Council advises the sovereign on the issuing of Royal Charters, which are used to grant special status to incorporated bodies, and city or borough status to local authorities. Otherwise, the Privy Council' s powers have recently been largely replaced through Cabinet from the United Kingdom.

Certain judicial functions are also performed by the Queen-in-Council, although used its actual work of hearing and deciding upon cases is carried out day-to-day by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council. The Judicial Committee contains senior judges appointed as Privy Counsellors: predominantly Justices of the Supreme Court from the United Kingdom and senior judges from the Commonwealth. The Privy Council formerly acted as your High Court of Appeal for the entire Uk empire (other than for the uk itself), and continues to hear appeals through the Crown Dependencies, the British Overseas Territories, and some independent Commonwealth states. History
The Privy Council of the British was preceded by the Privy Council of Scotland as well as Privy Council of England.

The key events in the formation of the modern Privy Council are given below:
Witenagemot was an early similar to the Privy Council of England. During the reigns from the Norman monarchs, the English Crown was advised by a royal court or curia regis , which contained magnates, ecclesiastics and high officials.

The entire body originally concerned itself with advising the sovereign on legislation, administration and justice. Later, different bodies assuming distinct functions evolved from the court. The courts of law took over the business of dispensing justice, while Parliament became the supreme legislature of the kingdom.

Nevertheless, the Council retained the power to know legal disputes, either in the first instance or on appeal. Furthermore, laws created by the sovereign on the advice of the Council, rather than on the advice of Parliament, were accepted as valid.

Powerful sovereigns often used the body to circumvent the Courts and Parliament. For example , a committee of the Council — which later became the Court of the Star Chamber — was while in the fifteenth century permitted to inflict any punishment except death, while not being bound by normal court procedure. During Henry VIII' s reign, the sovereign, on the advice of the Council, was permitted to enact laws by mere proclamation.

The legislative pre-eminence of Parliament was not restored until after Henry VIII' s death. Though the royal Council retained legislative and judicial responsibilities, it became a primarily administrative body. The Council contains forty members in 1553, but the sovereign relied over a smaller committee, which in the subsequent century evolved into the modern Cabinet.

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